What Are The 5 p's of Marketing

What Are The 5 P’s of Marketing

What Are The 5 Ps of Marketing? The marketing mix, also known as the 4 Ps and sometimes as the 4 Cs, refers to a set of four or five elements that marketers use to try and communicate what differentiates their offer from their competitors. 

Marketing managers use it to construct promotional campaigns to launch a new product or a rebrand. E. Jerome McCarthy made the first reference to the term’ marketing mix‘ in 1960, and since then, it has been used by countless businesses all over the world.

This article will look at what each of the 5 P’s means and how they can help you run a successful marketing campaign.

What Are The five p’s of Marketing?

So what are the 5 Ps of marketing? They’re called the “five P’s” because of the first letter of each word. The five “P’s” of marketing are product, price, promotion, place, and people. Each plays a critical role in creating successful marketing strategies that help businesses sell products or services to consumers (the target market).

Before we dive into the 5ps, let’s have a brief about them:-       

  • Product is a central element of the marketing mix. It refers to anything offered to a market for attention, acquisition, usage, or exchange, in other words, goods or services. An example of this could be Coca-Cola – one product from their range of beverages.
  • Pricing is the process of adding value to a product/service through an appropriate degree of mark-up, allowing both producers and consumers to gain profits from the final selling price. 
  • Promotion is simply how you market and advertise your products.
  • The place is closely linked to the concept of distribution. It refers to how you go about selling your products. There are several different types of distribution, such as different channels ( e.g., online vs. offline), intermediaries (e.g., wholesalers vs. retailers), and geographical areas (local, national, international).
  • Lastly, people are the target group of audience to whom businesses are looking to sell their products and services.


The term “product” can be defined as something offered by a business to its customers to satisfy their needs or wants. 

A product could also be defined as “anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or consumption that might satisfy a want or need.” The benefits derived from a product or service can be tangible, meaning that they are visible to the customer, or intangible, meaning that they are not apparent.


Price can be described as the amount of money charged for a product or service. It’s worth noting that price does not always directly reflect cost but rather how much value a customer places on a particular product. In other words, it’s what they are willing to pay for.

In the 5 Ps of marketing, price is one of the five components used to set up a marketing plan. When it comes to pricing strategies, there are many different approaches brands can take. Marketers need to implement either a cost-based or value-based strategy when establishing a price.


There is no more fundamental marketing concept than the one of the promotion mix. It’s pretty much everything you need to know about marketing in one sentence. Promotion is what marketers do to attract customers’ attention and convince them that they should purchase or use a product or service. The promotion mix includes advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, publicity, and direct marketing.

The promotional mix is a concept in marketing that describes the different elements of promotional strategies used when launching or relaunching a product. It is an important part of the broader marketing mix, including the product, price, place (distribution), and promotion.

The promotion mix typically breaks down into four types of promotion:-

1) Personal Selling

2) Advertising

3) Sales Promotion

4) Publicity

5) Direct Marketing

These are the tools that marketers use to make sure their goods are sold in the marketplace. Sometimes, organizations use a mix of promotional tools simultaneously; whereas others focus on just one or two of the tools in their promotion mix.


Marketing is a multi-billion dollar industry. But where should you be marketing to take advantage of consumer trends and spending habits?

It’s a widespread misconception that all people are glued to their smartphones or tablets, but there are times when these devices aren’t always close at hand. During those times, other forms of marketing will play a large role in driving sales.

Surprisingly, location-based marketing can be even more effective than digital when it comes to targeting your audience — especially with the right 5 Ps of marketing.

Location, location, location. It’s a phrase that practically became a cliché for real estate agents and their prospects. But many marketers may find that it applies to them, especially when it comes to reaching an audience through ads or other means. What if you could place your products in front of your target audience right when they’re looking for them?

Location-based marketing can help you connect with your audience members where they are. This kind of marketing can be put to use in several different locations, including:-

  • Outdoors (such as billboards)
  • Radio spots (including ads for car subwoofers if you’re an audio equipment maker)
  • TV ads (including paid programming during the Super Bowl)
  • Mobile ads (such as banner ads on mobile websites)


People (with their characteristics, behaviours, and preferences ) are the dominant theme of all marketing concepts.

The term “people” can refer to any group or category of human beings. The use in the context of “5 ps of marketing” implies that people are part of a target market group. Because products and services exist to provide benefits (useful “things”) to people, all marketing efforts are more effective if they are targeted toward the appropriate people. Targeting the right people is referred to as segmentation.

People are composed of many characteristics and traits which can be used in marketing activities. Some identified core characteristics include age, income level, gender, race/ethnicity, education level, occupation, religion, marital status, etc.

People are constantly “doing” things; engaging in behaviours. They’re either acting (buying) or deciding (not to buy). What people do is what marketers must find ways to influence through marketing initiatives.

The thing about people is that they have preferences. They prefer some things over others, and marketers who understand these preferences can target them with effective marketing strategies.

Why are 5 P’s Important in Every Marketing Plan?

  • They save time by reducing the number of steps in marketing
  • They eliminate the no.of risks as everything is considered and calculated through these 5p’s
  • You can promote your product/service with a well-balanced, proven strategy
  • Increase your ROI by improving marketing efficiency and effectiveness
  • Helps you optimize current market outreach opportunities to improve results


I have provided you with a great overview of the 5 p’s for marketing essential to your success in this competitive world. The more time and energy you put into these, the better chance you will succeed. 

About the Author: Rahul Thakur is a freelancer who is specialized in digital marketing and content writing. He offers services related to SEO, Guest Posting, and Content Writing. You can contact him on rahul.thakur11071997@gmail.com