How digital marketing has evolved over time

How digital marketing has evolved over time
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We now have new technologies like machine learning and cloud computing to better analyze and utilize big data. Photo: Reuters I’m writing the preface for my friend Hugo’s new book on long tail marketing.

We’ve known each other for three decades, stretching across the internet era, the mobile internet era, and the era of big data and artificial intelligence. During that long period, the marketing industry has also undergone major shifts. When the internet was just on the rise, there was still a lot of scepticism about the technology. We would struggle to explain to our bosses what a pageview or unique visitor meant.

Around 1998, people began frenetically digitalizing content, believing that as long as there was content, traffic would come and hence advertising money. But the outcome turned out to be disappointing. The fantasy of “content is king” faded out very quickly. After all, clients are not going to pay for marketing campaigns that are not effective in driving business. After the internet bubble burst in 2000, two new marketing concepts gradually emerged: behaviour targeting and real-time bidding. However, both concepts require large numbers of data support in order to achieve the desired effect.

Then came the smartphones, which make online and offline integration possible. Behaviour and location data soon became the growth engine for big data-backed digital marketing. From a lack of customer data, the industry is suddenly faced with an overwhelming amount of data.

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